Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS)

GENACIS is a collaborative international project affiliated with the Kettil Bruun Society for Social and Epidemiological Research on Alcohol, and coordinated by GENACIS partners from the University of North Dakota (US), Aarhus University (Denmark), the Alcohol Research Group/Public Health Institute (US), the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (Canada), the AER Centre for Alcohol Policy Research at La Trobe University (Australia), and the Addiction Switzerland Research Institute (Switzerland).

Support for aspects of the project came from the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/National Institutes of Health (Grant Numbers R21 AA012941 and R01 AA015775, Sharon C. Wilsnack, principal investigator), the Quality of Life and Management of Living Resources Programme of the European Commission (Concerted Action QLG4-CT-2001-0196, Kim Bloomfield, coordinator), the World Health Organization (Isidore Obot, coordinator), the Pan American Health Organization (Maristela Monteiro, coordinator), the German Federal Ministry of Health, and Swiss national funds. Support for individual country surveys was provided by government agencies and other national sources. GENACIS data coordinators are Gerhard Gmel (Addiction Switzerland Research Institute, Lausanne, Switzerland) and Sandra Kuntsche (La Trobe University AER Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, Melbourne, Australia).

Funding for five years of secondary analyses of the 40-country GENACIS database (2007–2013) was provided by Grant Number R01 AA015775 from the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/National Institutes of Health. This grant ended in 2013. In March 2016 NIAAA funded a new R01 grant, "Alcohol's Harm to Others: Multinational Cultural Contexts and Policy Implications" (Grant No. R01 AA023870), with Multiple Principal Investigators Thomas Greenfield, Sharon Wilsnack, and Kim Bloomfield. The new grant uses 21 GENACIS surveys to analyze characteristics of persons whose drinking causes harm to other people, and 16 recent surveys that have focused on the victims of harm caused by the drinking of other persons.

Many of the key personnel of the new NIAAA-funded "harms to others" grant were also leaders and country survey directors in the GENACIS project. The acronym GENAHTO has been chosen for the new project, standing for "Gender and Alcohol's Harm to Others." Additional information about the GENAHTO Project can be found at its website,

Qualified researchers wishing to use the GENACIS datasets should continue to request permission by completing and submitting the Paper Proposal Form on the current GENACIS website.

Attention First Authors

First authors of all GENACIS papers must send a draft, prior to submission for publication, to all survey leaders whose data are cited. Survey leaders will review the paper and send comments to the author within a month. Disagreements not resolved by the paper authors and survey directors should be brought to the GENACIS R01 Consortium for discussion. Significant disagreements may be mentioned in a footnote in the paper. Please review authorship guidelines for more information.

Permission to Use Finnish Data

Please observe that the Finnish data are not on the GENACIS data CD due to confidentiality rules, but the data are available for use in GENACIS analyses. Permission to use the data is granted routinely with the help of the Finnish team. Please contact Pia Mäkelä.